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University of Ibadan Mapo Hall Ibadanland Olubadan Palace Cocoa House
 
CAPITAL RESOURCES
 
 

The administrative and commercial importance of Ibadan has resulted in land being a key investment, an asset and a status symbol for the population. The city ranges in elevation from 150 m in the valley area, to 275 m above sea level on the major north-south ridge which crosses the central part of the city. The city's total area is 1,190 sq mi (3,080 km2). The main industries in the area include the processing of agricultural products; Tobacco processing and Cigarette (Manufacture); flour-milling, leather-working and furniture-making. Ibadan has an airport, Ibadan Airport, and is served by the Ibadan railway station on the main railway line from Lagos to Kano. The first motorable road in Nigeria was constructed from Ibadan to Oyo in 1906. In-town transport comes in a variety of forms. Modes of transport include, taxis and personal cars. In the 1980s, the Ibadan-Lagos expressway generated the greatest urban sprawl (east and north of the city), followed by the Eleiyele expressway (west of the city).

The first university to be set up in Nigeria was the University of Ibadan. Established as a college of the University of London in 1948, and later converted into an autonomous university in 1962. It has the distinction of being one of the premier educational institutions in Africa. The Polytechnic, Ibadan is also located in the city. Other noteworthy institutions in the city include the University of Ibadan Teaching Hospital, also known as University College Hospital (UCH), which is the first teaching hospital in Nigeria; the internationally acclaimed International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA); the Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER). Also the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, the Nigerian Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), and the Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR&T), all under the auspices of the Agricultural Research Council of Nigeria;[4] and the Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria. Ibadan has an airport, Ibadan Airport, and is served by the Ibadan railway station on the main railway line from Lagos to Kano. The first motorable road in Nigeria was constructed from Ibadan to Oyo in 1906. In-town transport comes in a variety of forms. Modes of transport include, taxis, taxi-vans commonly called danfos, private cars that are hired out, personal family cars, scooters, and walking.